★ International Symbol of Access - accessibility ..

                                     

★ International Symbol of Access

International symbol of access, also known as the wheelchair symbol, consists blue square overlaid in white with a stylized image of a person in a wheelchair. It is saved as an international standard, ISO 7001 international Commission on technology and accessibility, the Committee on "international rehabilitation".

                                     

1. History. (История)

ISA was designed by Danish design student Susanne Koefoed in 1968, the year. It was first sketched in the radical conference organized by the Scandinavian student organization SDO. The group organized a summer training session at the Stockholm art and design College, Konstfack, alternating time between seminar sessions and more lectures. In these lectures, the tone was set by American designer and educator Victor Papanek. In the writings which he has formulated during this period, too, he imagined the persons who have become disabled as physically disabled and mentally as the numbers need special attention. Although there is no evidence that Papanek met Kofod, his influence has spread to the workshop, where the original ISA was called. Accused of creating a sign and symbol to mark rooms for handicapped, Kofod presented in early versions of icon in July 1968 exhibitions are held in the RTS seminars the end. Symbol Koefoeds depicted an empty stroller. This icon was widely promoted in Sweden next year.

Mountain Karl, Director of the new Swedish Institute for people with disabilities, also participated in the development of Koefoeds to recovery international. The head RSO international Commission on technology and accessibility multidisciplinary, mountain asked RI to form a special Committee that will find and deliver the symbol of the groups 1969 Convention in Dublin. Mountain group was asked to choose one of six characters. When the Koefoeds symbol was presented, some members complained that it was too strict and indiscriminate. As Gora said: "a slight inconvenience with the symbol is not the less thick lines which may give an idea of the monogram letters. With the head on the symbol this inconvenience would disappear." Taking the original copy of the design, the mountains would be to add a circle to the top of the seat to give the impression of a sitting figure.

                                     

2. Function. (Функция)

This symbol is often seen where access has been improved, particularly for wheelchair users, but also for other disability issues. Often this symbol denotes the removal of environmental barriers, such as measures which also helps the elderly, parents with prams, and travellers. Universal design is intended to resolve such symbols by creating products and services that are available to almost all users since the beginning. The wheelchair symbol is "international" and therefore not accompanied by Braille in any particular language.

A specific application of the ISAS include:

  • Designation of vehicles used by persons with disabilities, often for permission to use the space.
  • Indicating a transit route that uses accessible vehicles.
  • Marking a Parking space reserved for vehicles used by disabled people / blue badge holders.
  • Pointing accessible transit station or vehicle.
  • Marking a public toilet with facilities designed for wheelchair users.
  • Pointing to the button to activate the automatic door.

The ISA is assigned the Unicode character code point U 267F, showing as ︎ ♿

A compatible font such as DEJAVU sans must be installed to view the character.

Building codes such as the building code of the state of California, require "a white figure on a blue background. The blue shall be equal to color No. 15090 in Federal standard 595b".

                                     

3. Changed ISA. (Изменен Иса)

Some activists of the disability act for the revised symbol of access. Sara Hendren and Brian Glenney co-founded the project available icon designing a new icon to represent an active, engaged image, with an emphasis on the disabled. Some disability organizations, such as the ancillary units in India are encouraging, and other organizations working with people with disabilities as second thoughts Connecticut to reject it as ableist. This version of the symbol officially used in the USA in the States of new York and Connecticut. The modified ISA is in the permanent collection of the Museum of modern art. According to Emma Teitel Toronto star, critics say that the modified image will continue to socially stigmatize those who have a disability, but do not use a wheelchair.

In may 2015, the Federal highway administration rejected a new design for use on road signs in the United States, citing the fact that it has not been adopted or approved in the United States to the Board, the Agency responsible for developing Federal criteria for accessible design. International organization for standardization, which created regular use of the original symbol in accordance with ISO 7001, also rejected the design.



                                     
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  • Policies. As of April 2018, the international Directory of Open Access Journals records some 79 open access journals produced in South Africa. As of July 2018
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  • Registry of Open Access Repository Mandates and Policies. UK: University of Southampton. Open Knowledge Danmark, part of Open Knowledge International Open
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  • definition, one kilobyte is 1000 bytes. The internationally recommended unit symbol for the kilobyte is kB. In some areas of information technology, particularly
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  • frequency - division multiple access scheme. It is also called linearly precoded OFDMA LP - OFDMA Like other multiple access schemes TDMA, FDMA, CDMA
  • U.S. Department of Transportation project based on the Communications Access for Land Mobiles CALM architecture of the International Organization for


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Encyclopedic dictionary

Translation

International Wheelchair Symbol of Access ADA Signs – ADA Sign.

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History of Handicap Symbol AMS Vans.

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The Accessible Icon Project.

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Does the universal symbol for disability need to be rethought?.

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New International Symbol Of Access Approved By City Of Phoenix.

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Downloadable Disability Access Symbols The Graphic Artist Guild.

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